A Dictionary of Environmental Economics, Science, and Policy by R. Quentin Grafton

By R. Quentin Grafton

This accomplished new dictionary is a vital reference instrument for all these drawn to environmental technological know-how and environmental reports. Written in a transparent and available variety, the dictionary contains over 3000 updated entries, all followed by way of an in depth but common definition protecting all features of the topic. The booklet additionally contains 3 primers, so that it will bridge the distance among each one self-discipline coated. those include introductions to environmental economics, overseas environmental difficulties and environmental structures, dynamics and modelling. one other function is the inclusion of an appendix which lists and describes the world's significant foreign environmental agreements. This "Dictionary" with its primers and appendices may still end up necessary to all scholars and students of environmental technological know-how and stories.

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Extra info for A Dictionary of Environmental Economics, Science, and Policy

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Agenda 21. A document that outlines policies to help achieve sustainable development and which was released at the 1992 Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit. See United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Agent Orange. A herbicide which has the toxic chemical dioxin as one of its active ingredients, a carcinogen that is suspected of causing birth mutations, skin diseases (such as chloracne) and problems with the immune system. Agent Orange was used by the American forces in the Vietnam war as a defoliant to reduce the tree and vegetative cover available to the Viet Cong.

Altruism. A term used to describe deliberate act of individuals that benefits others without the expectation of it being reciprocated. Alvarez hypothesis. The hypothesis that the earth was hit by at least one body from outer space some 65 million year ago and that this event led to mass extinctions. Amazonia. An area defined by the watershed of the Amazon River and including the largest area of tropical rainforest in the world. ambient. The background level of an environmental measure, such as the air temperature or the level of particulate matter in the air.

By contrast, a model used for predicting whether it will rain in a particular region in the next three days can ignore the interactions between atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations and the xliv A Dictionary of Environmental Economics, Science, and Policy local weather. Choosing what should and what should not be included in a model (variables and feedbacks), and whether variables should be treated as exogenous (determined outside the model) or endogenous (determined within the model), are questions that all modelers face.

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