A Fascist Century: Essays by Roger Griffin by Matthew Feldman (eds.)

By Matthew Feldman (eds.)

Ten essays at the nature of fascism by way of a number one student within the box, targeting find out how to comprehend and observe fascist ideology to varied routine because the 20th century, Mussolini's prophesied 'fascist century'. comprises stories of fascism's tried temporal revolution; Nazism as prolonged case-study; and fascism's postwar evolution.

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Fascism was the medium through which they would be reconciled and reunited with the living organism of the Italian state. The Risorgimento would be completed, the task of ‘making Italians’ finally fulfilled. Ordinary citizens would, for the first time since the Roman era, once more be able to ‘I am no longer human. I am a Titan. ’ 13 participate mystically in Italy and hence, in its imminent destiny, to become once again the focal point of world civilisation and progress – yet another manifestation of the ‘eternal genius’ of the race producing the Roman Empire, the Catholic Church, and the Renaissance.

29 The core of this revolution was not institutional but ethical: Fascist vitalism would lift the apathetic, cynical individual of the Giolittian age into a new spiritual orbit. ‘I don’t give a damn’ (me ne frego) [ . . ] sums up a doctrine which is not merely political: it is evidence of a fighting spirit which accepts all risks. ‘I am no longer human. I am a Titan. ’ 9 It signifies a new style of Italian life. The Fascist accepts and loves life; he rejects and despises suicide as cowardly. 30 In different permutations, the belief that Fascism’s creation of a new type of state was the materialisation and externalisation of a subjective revolution in values and national character was a recurrent topos in Fascist thought.

Using Verona as a case study, Berezin documents the extraordinary lengths to which the regime went to reshape the experience of time and history itself through a combination of official events which she classifies as celebrations, symposia, commemorations, demonstrations, and inaugurations. In just 20 years (1922–1942) the citizens of Verona could participate in 727 such events: an average of 36 per year, or one every ten days! The ultimate purpose of such a systematic subsuming of private time by regime time was the obliteration of the old self, and the making of a Fascist self.

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