A Short History of Europe: From the Greeks and Romans to the by Antony Alcock (auth.)

By Antony Alcock (auth.)

In this paintings, Antony Alcock recounts the old improvement of Europe from the Greek urban states via to the 2000 great Treaty on eu Integration and the assault on ny of eleven September 2001. This brief heritage of Europe is advised easily and accessibly, but offers the political, financial, social and cultural context for Europe's expanding integration, in line with the 3 pillars of Greek political idea, Roman legislation and the Christian faith, together with research of latest fabric, Antony Alcock brings his historical past totally up to date such concerns because the cave in of Yugoslavia, immigration and asylum seekers and eventually attention of the way forward for Europe within the 21st century.

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On the other hand, the early Christians were aggressively evangelistic. They wanted to share their new-found life in Christ with other less fortunate. 5 Christianity was able to spread throughout the Empire for the same reasons as the Mystery religions ± the peace and good order of the Empire up to the middle of the third century, made travel easy and safe. And in the eastern part of the Empire, as well as in the educated sections of society in the west, there was the common language ± Greek ± the language in which the New Testament was originally written.

The Empire was divided into two, with an emperor called an Augustus in charge of each half. Each of these emperors would adopt their successors, called Caesars, who would succeed them after twenty years, and so on. The dividing line between the two halves of the Empire was the southward turn of the Danube at the town of Var in today's Hungary, extended straight through today's Yugoslavia and the Ionian Sea to Benghazi in today's Libya, dividing Cyrenaica and Tripolitania. But the Augustii decentralised further, dividing their territories with their Caesars so that the Empire was really divided into four.

In 312, just before the battle of the Milvian Bridge, Constantine, alarmed by reports of Maxentius' mastery of the magical arts, prayed to the `Supreme God' for help and saw a vision, a cross in the noon-day sky above the sun and with it the words `In hoc signo vinces' (By this sign you will conquer). As a result Constantine ordered his troops to emblazon their shields with the Christian monogram made by combining the two Greek letters chi and rho, and shortly afterwards Maxentius unwisely left the safety of the walls of Rome to be defeated and killed.

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