Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, by Theodore R. Weeks

By Theodore R. Weeks

Across the progressive Divide: Russia and the USSR 1861-1945 bargains a vast interpretive account of Russian heritage from the emancipation of the serfs to the tip of global conflict II.<ul type="disc">* offers a coherent assessment of Russia's improvement from 1861 via to 1945* displays the newest scholarship via taking a thematic method of Russian background and bridging the ‘revolutionary divide’ of 1917* Covers political, fiscal, cultural, and way of life concerns in the course of a interval of significant alterations in Russian heritage* Addresses in the course of the variety of nationwide teams, cultures, and religions within the Russian Empire and USSR* indicates how the unconventional regulations followed after 1917 either replaced Russia and perpetuated an fiscal and political tension that maintains to steer sleek society

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Extra info for Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945 (Blackwell History of Russia)

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Similarly the blanket amnesty of political prisoners declared by the Provisional Government in its first days undermined the liberal regime’s shaky stability by allowing more radical elements to stream back to Russia and St Petersburg. However, the Provisional Government was not acting on its own: its power was held in check by the more radical Petrograd Soviet, elected by factory workers and military units, which could threaten strikes or demonstrations if challenged. The weakness of the Provisional Government is revealed by its acceptance of the Petrograd Soviet’s “Order No.

Thus the educated middle class of 1945 was far larger than its counterpart of 1861. The industrial working class had also grown enormously. Some groups, on the other hand, had disappeared nearly completely: landowners had been expropriated decades before, no shopkeepers or capitalists remained – except perhaps as managers in the enterprises they once owned, and the clerical estate had shrunk radically. Tens of thousands of educated middle-class Russians – the flower of the intelligentsia – had fled or been forced out of the country in the first decade of Soviet power and a new, rawer but more numerous educated class had taken their place.

The transition to democracy is difficult under any circumstances, and in a poor country like Russia in the midst of war, it took months even to set up elections for the Constituent Assembly. In the scant eight months of its existence the Provisional Government lurched from crisis to crisis. An attempt to rally the military in a summer offensive ended in a near complete collapse of the Russian army. The leftist parties (including, though reluctantly, the Bolsheviks) attempted to grab power in July, but this illplanned coup attempt failed.

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