Alternative policies for the control of air pollution in by Robin W. Bates

By Robin W. Bates

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Cement manufacturing) also are included, though they are a very small part of the total. Page 2 Poland is restructuring economic incentives in general and analyzing the impact on the energy sector and air pollution in particular. Subject to these caveats, the simulation analysis provides estimates of the potential gains from relying upon incentive-based policies over CAC for meeting emission targets. Even in advanced industrial economies, not all this potential will be reached, because of imperfections in markets and policies.

With these model outputs we can calculate the costs of different emission standards and of different policies to attain specified standards over the next 25 years. The model deals only with categories of emitters and generic categories of emission standards rather than specifying the size, spatial location, and emissions standards of specific sources. Consequently, the model cannot be used to analyze the cost of different ambient air quality standards or the cost of different means for achieving specified ambient standards: our policy simulations ignore ambient air quality constraints and focus only on the achievement of emission standards.

The simulations provide considerable disaggregation by type of fuel and sector. With these model outputs we can calculate the costs of different emission standards and of different policies to attain specified standards over the next 25 years. The model deals only with categories of emitters and generic categories of emission standards rather than specifying the size, spatial location, and emissions standards of specific sources. Consequently, the model cannot be used to analyze the cost of different ambient air quality standards or the cost of different means for achieving specified ambient standards: our policy simulations ignore ambient air quality constraints and focus only on the achievement of emission standards.

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