By Aki Tonami
This booklet examines the starting to be curiosity by means of Asian states, that are more often than not regarded as ‘outsiders’ within the Arctic governance method. when latest study asserts that Asian states are as a rule drawn to the commercial point of the altering Arctic, together with its mineral and fossil resources and the outlet up of latest sea routes, the e-book argues that the relation among Asian states and the Arctic is far extra complicated and dynamic, grounded of their targeted standpoint on nationwide protection and the position of financial improvement in securing their nationwide pursuits.
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Extra info for Asian Foreign Policy in a Changing Arctic: The Diplomacy of Economy and Science at New Frontiers
In September, MV Yong Sheng reached Rotterdam, the Netherlands, as the first Chinese commercial vessel to use the NSR to reach Europe (COSCO 2013). COSCO, the Chinese marine giant and owner of the ship, stated that the NSR stands “to be the new trunk route of Euro-Asia trade” (Vanderklippe 2014). In December, the China–Nordic Arctic Research Center (CNARC) was officially launched at the PRIC in Shanghai (Nilsen 2013). Major Nordic research institutions that conduct research on the Arctic, namely Fritjof Nansen Institute (Norway), Norwegian Polar Institute, Arctic Center of the University of Lapland (Finland), Swedish Polar Research Secretariat, Icelandic Center for Research, and the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies in Denmark, became partner organizations.
There are indications that China first began to consider more deeply the geopolitical aspect of the Arctic in 2007, following Russia’s decision to deploy a nuclear submarine to the North Pole and planted a Russian flag on the seabed. Indeed, although China already started to submit its official application for Observer status at the AC in 2006, it only began to attend AC meetings as an ad hoc Observer in 2007 (Gao 2012). Since then, the government has increased the resources allocated to polar research, including additional manpower support within the bureaucracy.
The new National Security Council is the most recent actor to join China’s Arctic policy. In July 2015, a new national security law was passed, which emphasizes that China must defend its national security interests, including its assets and activities in the Outer Space, the deep sea, Polar regions, and cyberspace (Panda 2015). Article 32 of the national security law says (Ministry of National Defense of the People’s Republic of China 2015): The state adheres to the peaceful exploration and use of Outer Space, the international seabed area and Polar regions, enhance safe access, scientific exploration, utilization and development capabilities, strengthen international cooperation, maintenance of our activities in Outer Space, the international seabed area and the Polar regions, security of assets and other interests.