By Lutz Wicke
This balanced research offers information from the ‘climate-protection front’. at the down-side, neither the present 'Kyoto-Protocol' weather defense procedure with (legally binding) commitments through significant international locations to minimize or restrict their greenhouse fuel emissions nor a variety of proposals for bettering the dedication approach are in a position to assembly the last word goal 'to hinder risky anthropogenic interference with the weather system'. at the up-side, by means of enforcing the GCCS, it seems that the last word weather safeguard goal quoted should be completed, that constructing and newly industrialized international locations may be built-in into the safety procedure through fitting a 'fair procedure' in response to the democratic precept of 'one guy – one weather emission right', and that no industrialized country nor its shoppers of fossil fuels may be overburdened. similar to all proposed climate-protection schemes, tremendous excessive hurdles must be triumph over while enforcing the GCCS. even though, due to its vital benefits and its structural parts, there exists nonetheless a small probability that mankind will be ready to hinder harmful weather change.
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Extra resources for Beyond Kyoto - A New Global Climate Certificate System: Continuing Kyoto Commitsments or a Global ´Cap and Trade´ Scheme for a Sustainable Climate Policy?
86. 54 Cf. /Pershing, J. (2001), loc. , p. 213 and following. ) Development of positive economic side-effects (addressed by ECOFYS in conjunction with environment-related criteria) Böhringer and Welsch mention a major economic evaluation criterion – albeit in another context56 – which is, however, of (major) economic relevance ‘only’ for indiTable 2. The economic efficiency criterion and its sub-criteria (Part B of the comprehensive evaluation system) 55 ECOFYS (2002), loc. , p. 34. /Welsch, H.
Furthermore, economic reasons which will ultimately also be reflected by the potential acceptance of a stabilization target also support the EU’s stabilization target. According to IPCC TAR III (IPCC 2001c), the macroeconomic cost of achieving a concentration of 450 ppm of CO2 will be three times as high as the cost of achieving the EU’s stabilization target of 550 ppm of CO219. 20 Furthermore, even stabilizing CO2 concentrations at (less than) 550 ppm in the atmosphere is a difficult task and will be hard to achieve in view of the currently very limited success of climate stabilization.
P. 182. At a later stage (1998), the European Parliament apparently adopted a more restrictive target by specifying a level of 550 ppmv CO2 equivalents as the maximum tolerable upper limit of the climate stabilization target. Refer to: European Parliament (1998) Resolution on climate change in the run-up to Buenos Aires. htm. : loc. , p. 6. e. the “TAR” (Third Assessment Report) from 2001: ■ IPCC (2001a) Climate change 2001. Third Assessment Report (TAR), Part I – The scientific basis. New York, Cambridge; ■ IPCC (2001b) Climate change 2001.