By Iain D. Campbell
E-book by means of Campbell, Iain D., Dwek, Raymond A.
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Zvara I (1996) J Radioanal Nucl Chem Articles 204:123 Merinis J, Boussieres G (1961) Analyt Chim Acta 25:498 Merinis J, Boussieres G (1969) Radiochim Acta 12:140 Zvara I, Zvarova TS, Krivanek M, Xu HG, Tarasov (1963) Dokl Akad Nauk SSSR 148:555 Zvara I, Zvarova TS, Krivanek M, Chuburkov YuT (1966) Radiokhimiya 8:77; (in French) Radiochimie 8:79 Zvara I, Zvarova TS, Krivanek M, Xu HG, Tarasov LK (1962) (in Russian) Report 1006. JINR, Dubna Zvara I, Zvarova TS, Caletka R, Chuburkov YuT, Shalaevskii MR (1967) Radiokhimiya 9:231; Soviet Radiochem 9:226 Zvara I, Zvarova TS, Chuburkov YuT, Caletka R (1969) Radiokhimiya 11:154 Zvara I, Chuburkov YuT, Caletka R, Zvarova TS, Shalayevskii MR, Shilov BV (1966) At Energ 21:83; Soviet At Energ 21:709 Zvara I, Chuburkov YuT, Caletka R, Shalaevskii MR (1969) Radiokhimiya 11:163 Chuburkov YuT, Zvara I, Shilov BV (1969) Radiokhimiya 11:174 Price PB, Walker RM (1962) Phys Rev Lett 8:217 Price PB, Walker RM (1962) Phys Lett 3:113 Perelygin VP, Tretyakova SP, Zvara I (1964) Prib Tekh Eksp 1964:78 Greenwood NN, Hrynkiewicz A, Jeannin YP, Lefort M, Sakai M, Ulehla I, Wapstra AH, Wilkinson DH (1992) Progr Particle Nucl Phys 29:453 Wilkinson DH, Wapstra AH, Ulehla I, Barber RC, Greenwood NN, Hrynkiewicz A, Jeannin YP, Lefort M, Sakai M (1993) Pure Appl Chem 65:1757:1814 Zvara I, Chuburkov YuT, Belov VZ, Buklanov GV, Zakhvataev BB, Zvarova TS, Maslov OD, Caletka R, Shalayevsky MR (1970) Radiokhimiya 12:565; Soviet Radiochemistry 12: 530; J Inorg Nucl Chem 32:1885 Zvara I, Belov VZ, Chelnokov LP, Domanov VP, Hussonois M, Buklanov GV, Korotkin YuS, Schegolev VA, Shalayevsky MR (1972) Radiokhimiya 14:119 Zvara I, Belov VZ, Chelnokov LP, Domanov VP, Hussonois M, Buklanov GV, Korotkin YuS, Schegolev VA, Shalayevsky MR (1971) Inorg Nucl Chem Lett 7:1116 Zvara I, Yakushev AB, Timokhin SN, Xu HG, Perelygin VP, Chuburkov YuT (1998) Radiochim Acta 81:179 References 31 21.
Setups similar to that in Fig. 7 were constructed also in LBL, Berkeley  and in JAERI, Tokai . That built in Radiochemistry Center, Dresden  allows column temperatures as high as 1,300 K; reclustering is omitted, and the exiting gas hits a cooled spot on the surface of a stepping wheel to deposit the tracer, like in Ref. . Sample transactinoid data obtained by the Swiss group are presented in Fig. 8. The team pioneered the use of HCl, HBr, Cl2 and Br2 as the reagents. To date, with installations for isothermal chromatography, the above groups have reported adsorption studies of halides or oxohalides of rutherfordium [32, 34, 35], dubnium , seaborgium  and bohrium .
The target chamber was kept at different temperatures, not higher than 180 ◦ C. The gas passed the distance from the target to a trap in about 15 seconds, and absorbed the Fig. 2 First simulation of the fast on-line radiochemical method for heavy metals . Adapted from Radiokhimiya, 8(1), Zvara I, Zvarova TS, Krivanek M, Chuburkov YuT Regularities in formation of volatile chlorides of 97 Zr and 101,102 Mo, 77–84, c 1966 with permission from Academizdat “Nauka” Publishers. 2 Techniques for Isolation of Short-lived Accelerator Produced Nuclides 5 carrier and the transported activities.