Bristol and the Atlantic Trade in the Eighteenth Century by Kenneth Morgan

By Kenneth Morgan

This ebook bargains the 1st particular exam for a few years of the transatlantic alternate and transport of Bristol in the course of the eighteenth century. It compares the functionality of Bristol as a port in this interval with the expansion of alternative out ports, specifically Liverpool and Glasgow. Dr Morgan's research exhibits that absolutely the development of Bristol's Atlantic exchange among 1700 and 1800 used to be concomitant with the relative decline of Bristol as a port; the most purposes for this decline have been the shortcoming of development to port amenities, expanding specialisation one of the Bristol service provider neighborhood, the influence of struggle on exchange, and the very best company acumen within the tobacco and slave trades manifested by means of Glasgow and Liverpool retailers respectively. Bristol and the Atlantic alternate relies on an exceptional number of basic resources within the British Isles, america, the West Indies, Australia and continental Europe.

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Dissertation, 1971). Cambridge U L , 'List of Bristol Ships taken by the Spaniards, March 1728-June 1730', section 13, Cholmondeley (Houghton) MSS. , Mar. 1725, Braikenridge Collection, V I . d. but c. , Politics and the Port of Bristol, p. 22. Quilici, 'Turmoil in a City and an Empire', tables H2 and H3, pp. 327-30. 2. Number and tonnage of ships entering selected British ports from the American mainland colonies, 1721-1730 Bristol London 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 1728 1729 1730 Totals N Tons N 129 126 139 121 136 140 141 169 164 158 1,423 14,359 14,465 16,605 14,545 15,055 15,381 13,250 19,046 20,608 17,290 160,604 53 4,355 42 3,775 44 3,860 38 3,007 55 4,417 54 4,822 66 5,780 56 5,110 33 3,081 40 3,650 481 41,857 Tons Liverpool Whitehaven Glasgow & Greenock N N N Tons 32 2,616 31 2,535 19 1,625 19 1,570 15 1,175 22 1,464 34 2,858 29 2,205 36 2,840 24 1,780 261 20,668 Tons 19 1,809 19 2,008 10 1,061 14 1,342 11 819 19 2,014 14 1,612 14 1,313 15 1,445 17 2,132 152 15,555 Tons 38 2,860 47 3,691 43 3,331 23 2,100 29 1,625 36 2,762 42 3,716 36 3,325 35 3,135 22 2,095 351 28,640 Source: Public Record Office, London, T64/276A no.

ACRL, Edward Southwell to the Master of the Society of Merchant Venturers, 15 Feb. 1746, Southwell Papers, IX (B11160). See b e l o w , p p . 92, 110. Atlantic trade and the port of Bristol 21 climate. 1 for 1743-7 and 1754-7. 0 per cent between those two sets of years. The upsurge in the volume of shipping was fairly evenly spread among different regions in British America, but a particularly marked growth occurred in tonnage entering Bristol from the Windward and Leeward Islands. This rise in the volume of trade enabled Bristol to maintain its lead over Liverpool in terms of the value of commodity trade.

A n y u n d o c u m e n t e d figures in t h e discussion below a r e t a k e n from this table. Quilici, 'Turmoil in a City a n d an E m p i r e ' , tables H 1-7, p p . 325-38. 1. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. a. 15,061 11,914 12,756 9,533 11,833 12,871 12,563 16,720 20,552 21,202 12,326 16,834 27,251 33,109 20,490 Notes: a In 1700,9 ships with a combined capacity of 390 tons entered Bristol from Newfoundland, New England, the Carolinas and Bermuda. But there is no breakdown available of the proportion of ships and tonnage arriving from each colony.

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