By Bill Bryson
One of many English language’s such a lot expert and cherished writers publications us all towards specified, mistake-free usage.
As traditional invoice Bryson says it top: “English is a dazzlingly idiosyncratic tongue, jam-packed with quirks and irregularities that frequently appear willfully at odds with good judgment and customary feel. this can be a language the place ‘cleave’ can suggest to chop in part or to carry halves jointly; the place the easy notice ‘set’ has 126 varied meanings as a verb, fifty eight as a noun, and 10 as a participial adjective; the place for those who can run speedy you're relocating speedily, but when you're caught quickly you're not relocating in any respect; [and] the place ‘colonel,’ ‘freight,’ ‘once,’ and ‘ache’ are strikingly at odds with their spellings.” As a duplicate editor for the London Times within the early Nineteen Eighties, invoice Bryson felt keenly the shortcoming of an easy-to-consult, authoritative advisor to keeping off the traps and snares in English, and so he brashly urged to a writer that he should still write one. unusually, the proposition used to be permitted, and for “a amount of cash rigorously gauged to not reason embarrassment or emotions of overworth,” he proceeded to put in writing that book–his first, inaugurating his stellar career.
Now, a decade and a part later, revised, up-to-date, and punctiliously (but no longer overly) Americanized, it has develop into Bryson’s Dictionary of difficult Words, greater than ever an important consultant to the splendidly disordered factor that's the English language. With a few 1000 entries, from “a, an” to “zoom,” that function real-world examples of questionable utilization from a world array of guides, and with a precious thesaurus and consultant to pronunciation, this unique, prescriptive, and–because it really is written by way of invoice Bryson–often witty booklet belongs at the table of each one that cares sufficient concerning the language to not maul or misuse or distort it.
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Extra info for Bryson's Dictionary of Troublesome Words
Obsolete Words Unusual words are those which are used only rarely; archaic words, those taken from writings abandoned by posterity on account of their age, as those from the XII Tables, from Ennius, Lucilius, Naevius, and Pacuvius. Obsolete words are those that have vanished completely into disuse and oblivion. Anyone who tried to speak in that way now would 22 Horace Art of Poetry 70-71. 23 Cicero On the Orator i. 3. 12. 24 Quintilian viii. Pr. 25. Page 22 be ridiculous. I do not think there is any place for obsolete words, except in joking or irony.
8, 4. Page 12 have been devoted to more serious studies to an extent that there is lacking very much leisure to spend on these lesser ones, most useful to be sure to the former kind, indeed of the greatest use, but nevertheless minute in themselves. Chapter II By Whom Copia Was Developed and by Whom Practiced Further, lest anyone think this a modern device and to be disdained as lately born at our home, let him know that this method of diversifying speech is touched on lightly in a number of places by a very learned and likewise very diligent man, Quintilian,2 and that many noted Sophists showed the way to the advantages of condensing speech.
3 Quintilian iii. 1, 21. 4 Apuleius Prologue to On the God of Socrates 4. Page 13 Chapter III How Authors Have Indulged in a Display of Copia Moreover, the same authors, not only in school, but also in their serious work, sometimes indulged in a display of copia; while they at one time so compress a subject that you can take nothing away, at another, they so enrich and expand the same subject that you can add nothing to it. Homer, according to Quintilian,5 is equally admirable at bothnow copia, now brevity.