Convective Boiling and Condensation by Sander L. Gilman, David J. Parent

By Sander L. Gilman, David J. Parent

On its unique ebook in 1973, this booklet was once the 1st reference for engineers to totally current the technological know-how of boiling and condensation. It dealt specially with the issues of estimating warmth move charges and strain drops, with specific cognizance to the prevalence of boiling and condensation within the presence of compelled flows inside pipes. the recent 3rd variation covers fresh advances and considerably extends assurance to flows over tube bundles, with large new remedy of two-phase warmth move relating to refrigerants and petrochemicals. Many new difficulties were extra on the finish of every bankruptcy to reinforce the book's use as a textual content in complex classes on two-phase circulate and warmth move. The e-book is written basically for layout and improvement engineers within the chemical technique, energy new release, and refrigeration industries, and is intended to be an relief within the layout of warmth exchangers. teachers utilizing the booklet as a path textual content may possibly receive complete recommendations to the end-of-chapter difficulties by way of writing to: technological know-how advertising Dept., Oxford college Press, 198 Madison Ave., ny, long island 10016 (please contain tuition identify and path identification).

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The unit of heat is the SI system is the watt-second (or joule). 555°C 1 Btu = 1055. 3048 m = 0. 4 N O T ATION 5 equivalent of heat ( J ). Thus, J x thermal energy = mechanical energy Happily, in the SI system the units of heat and work are identical and J is unity. 50 x 04 foot poundals/Btu. In some cases the hour is used as the unit of time in the British system of units in place of the second (FPH system). In this case, 1 � 1 pound lorce =4 . 173 x [ 1 08 (POUnd maSS)(foot) (hour) 2 ] The unit of pressure in the SI system of units is N/m 2 .

In slug flow the gas or vapour bubbles are approximately the diameter of the pipe. The nose of the bubble has a characteristic spherical cap and the gas in the bubble is separated from the pipe wall by a slowly descending film of liquid. The liquid flow is contained in liquid slugs which separate successive gas bubbles. These slugs may or may not contain smaller entrained gas bubbles carried in the wake of the large bubble. The length of the main gas bubble can vary considerably. (c) Churn flow.

Certain aspects of boiling will not be treated in this book. The prime omissions are the subjects of flashing and critical flow and the stability and transient response of boiling and condensing systems. These areas have been omitted, because they are not directly relevant to the development of the subject as treated in this book. 2 Sources of information Examination of the problems of convective boiling and condensation has been in progress since the nineteenth century but research in this field has been greatly stimulated since the Second World War by the advent of the nuclear and rocket technologies.

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