By Thomas W. Simons Jr. (auth.)
Examines the diversities between japanese eu nations within the postwar interval. taking a look at the exterior and family components which formed their improvement, the publication makes use of the disciplines of politics, economics, sociology and beliefs in its analysis.
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Additional resources for Eastern Europe in the Postwar World
In response, Britain and France gave unilateral guarantees to Poland and Romania. But in 1939 Britain and France seemed very far away, and Germany very near. After March, most East European governments truckled under to the Germans, trying to preserve their sovereignty in the face of overwhelming German power. They were generally successful in gaining Hitler's support, to the point that he was willing to sacrifice right radicals, such as Romania's Iron Guard, in order to maintain stability in the region.
The most ravaged areas were Poland and Yugoslavia. A few examples should illuminate the scale of the economic destruction. In Poland, 30 percent of the buildings were destroyed; in Warsaw, only 13 or 14 percent, or 7 percent, of them remained standing: The figures vary but tell the same story. Agriculture was horse-powered in this part of the world, and cattle, pigs, and sheep provided much of the population's protein and animal fat. Poland lost 43 percent of its horses, 60 percent of its cattle, and 70 percent of its pigs; Hungary, 39 percent of its horses, 44 percent of its cattle, and 78 percent of its pigs; Yugoslavia, 60 percent of its horses, 54 percent of its cattle, and 50 percent of its sheep.
Likewise, roads, bridges, and buildings can be rebuilt, and a good case can be made that it is more efficient to industrialize with new plant, as the postwar West German and Japanese experiences suggest. From that point of view, it can be argued that Czechoslovakia's intact industrial plant, which was such an advantage in the 1940s and 1950s, was a poisoned chalice in the long run. More important for the future of Eastern Europe even than the scale of the physical destruction was its structure, the sectors that were hardest hit and those that were most spared.