By Pieter Glasbergen, Peter P. J. Driessen (auth.), Peter P. J. Driessen, Pieter Glasbergen (eds.)
This booklet will be considered as a monograph at the debates and advancements in Dutch environmental coverage. it's been written with a selected standpoint in brain. at the start, the road of procedure we now have taken was once from a multidisciplinary social technology perspective. the craze in environmental coverage is checked out from the attitude of sociology, coverage experiences and political technological know-how. Secondly, all analyses go away from the paradigm shift suggestion. this actual paradigm shift is predicated at the undeniable fact that a thorough swap has taken form through the years within the approach environmental concerns are dealt with. formerly, environmental coverage had regularly been characterized via is top-down procedure within which executive made up our minds the particular goals of coverage and assumed that it will probably win over company, non governmental businesses and voters to behave based on these goals. there has been additionally loads of religion within the technical options to environmental matters. trendy environmental coverage is predicated on a unconditionally various philosophy. Environmental targets are actually reached in organization with enterprise, non-governmental businesses and voters. those actors also are concerned about bringing environmental coverage into perform. In different phrases, the implementation of coverage has a extra interactive nature. New relationships emerge among govt, the industry and civil society, and coverage discourses additionally develop into built-in. The environmental curiosity is extra usually weighed opposed to the econom1c pursuits, the spatial improvement and opposed to social justice.
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Extra info for Greening Society: The Paradigm Shift in Dutch Environmental Politics
1989) Beleidsnetwerken rand milieuproblemen, VUGA Uitgeverij, Den Haag. A. (1981) Netwerken van organisaties: strategieen, spelen, structuren, VUGA Uitgeverij, Den Haag. A. M. Nelissen (1993) Verschuivingen in de besturing van de samenleving, Coutinho, Bussum. Goverde, H. & 1. van Tatenhove (2000) 'Power and Policy Networks', in: H. G. Cerny, M. H. Lentner (eds) Power in Contemporary Politics. Theories, Practices, Globalizations, Sage, London, pp. 96-111. , E-H. M. Koppenjan (eds) (1997) Managing Complex Networks.
In fact all participants in a network are their own chairmen: working on the basis of their own action-logic they attempt to influence the actors and the mutual patterns of interaction to such an extent that the network as a whole functions more in line with their own goals and interests. It goes without saying that not all actors in the network are able to control the progress of the process to the same extent. Depending on the intensity of his interests, the control he has over the means of exercising power, and the extent of his access to (formal) decision-makers, the one actor has greater or lesser management abilities on the network as a whole.
This is a model in which policy is seen as a top-down process. In it, societal actors are regarded as 'objects that can be controlled' and not as 'co-subjects'. Conversely, a society in which the government is responsible for managing new developments together with other parties, calls for a bottom-up approach to governance. , 1997). Over the past few decades there has been an increasing need to deal with environmental issues from the latter perspective (Glasbergen, 1989). , 1994) which is in place at both regional and local level.