Renaissance and Reformation, Biographies, Volume 1, A - K by Peggy Saari; Aaron Saari

By Peggy Saari; Aaron Saari

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Bacon had done no more than accept the usual fees of office, and no one could prove that his judgment had been affected by accepting these fees. His fall was dictated by politics. Among the penalties levied on Bacon was forced resignation, a fine of forty thousand pounds, imprisonment in the Tower of London (a prison for members of the royalty and nobility), and a prohibition from serving in Parliament. The fine, imprisonment, and the prohibition from holding office were not enforced, however. ment as solicitor in 1607 that gave his fortunes the greatest boost.

In 1474 the king and queen started the Spanish Inquisition to enforce Catholicism as the sole religion of Spain. Their adviser was Tomás de Torquemada (pronounced tor-kay-MAH-thah; 1420–1498), a Dominican monk (member of a religious order founded by Saint Dominic). In 1487 Torquemada was promoted to grand inquisitor (supreme head of the court), and he set out to rid Spain of “converts” who did not actually practice Christianity. Those who did not confess their sins or undergo genuine conversion were severely punished or executed.

In 1542 he founded the pidi (the lukewarm), who objected to his strict reforms. The Tiepidi received support from the Holy League, which needed backing from Florence. But first they had to remove Savonarola from power. In 1495 Alexander sent a letter to Savonarola stating that he had been accused of heresy (violation of church laws), false prophecy, and troubling the peace of the church. Alexander summoned Savonarola to Rome. Savonarola was ill at the time, so the pope let him stay in Florence on the condition that he stop preaching.

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