By Jane Leftwich Curry
The most unforeseen results of the Soviet bloc's transition out of communism is the divergent yet vital paths by way of as soon as ruling communist events. within the Left reworked this ideological cut up into unfastened industry social democrats (Poland, Hungary, and Lithuania), anti-Western neo-Leninists (Russia and Ukraine), and doctrinal fence-sitters (the ex-communists of former East Germany) is explored via in-depth interviews, occasion presses and first files, and nationwide election info. The cautious exam of every party's transition in addition to the most up-tp-date info on association, ideology, and electoral fortunes via overdue 2002 makes this ebook a useful source for an individual attracted to modern heritage, political events, or comparative govt within the former Soviet Empire.
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The most unforeseen results of the Soviet bloc's transition out of communism is the divergent yet vital paths by way of as soon as ruling communist events. within the Left remodeled this ideological cut up into unfastened marketplace social democrats (Poland, Hungary, and Lithuania), anti-Western neo-Leninists (Russia and Ukraine), and doctrinal fence-sitters (the ex-communists of former East Germany) is explored via in-depth interviews, get together presses and first files, and nationwide election information.
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Additional resources for The Left Transformed in Post-Communist Societies: The Cases of East-Central Europe, Russia and Ukraine
They walked a fine line, avoiding taking a negative approach to either the communist system or the new noncommunist, capitalist system. As a result, their platform, from the beginning, did not truly stand for anything or propose any policy alternatives. Instead, it criticized those who attacked communism for ignoring the work and achievements of Poles over the past forty years, without ever mentioning the Communist Party or communist rule. ”15 But, as Cimoszewicz had done in his presidential campaign a year earlier, SdRP campaigners mentioned social welfare services only as products of the future growth of the economy and private industry.
In interviews about both their ideological stances and their electoral calculations, SdRP leaders focused, in 1993, on how they were cleaning up their image, opening doors for coalitions with noncommunist parties, and drawing on a much broader constituency than they had in the initial post-communist elections. 50This, they felt, created a solid base from which to seek new support and work in the new system. From Rejection to Legitimacy The SLD won in 1993 not only because of this ideological and organizational base but also because of how the right had used its power when in government.
With the Poznatiworkers’demonstrations and the Polish October of 1956, Poland and its communist party began a never-ending cycle of popular upheavals and party reactions. The worker demonstrations and strikes of 1956, 1970, and 1976 all resulted in repression and then at least momentary compromises with workers’ demands. In the process, Poland opened up more and more to the West. In the 1970s, this openness involved not just scholarly and intellectual exchanges and tourism but also a policy of improving the economy by opening up for imports and exports from the West.