The United Nations: A Very Short Introduction by Jussi M. Hanhimäki

By Jussi M. Hanhimäki

After seven a long time of life has the UN develop into out of date? Is it ripe for retirement? As Jussi Hanhimäki proves within the moment version of this Very brief advent, the answer's no. within the moment decade of the twenty-first century the UN is still an fundamental association that maintains to avoid wasting lives and increase the area as its founders was hoping. when you consider that its unique ebook in 2008, this 2d variation comprises newer examples of the UN defense Council in motion and peacekeeping efforts whereas exploring its latest successes and failures.

After a short background of the United countries and its predecessor, the League of countries, Hanhimäki examines the UN's successes and screw ups as a mum or dad of foreign peace and safety, as a promoter of human rights, as a protector of foreign legislation, and as an engineer of socio-economic improvement. This up to date version highlights what keeps to make the UN a classy association this day, and the continued demanding situations among its goals and functions. Hanhimäki additionally presents a transparent account of the UN and its a number of palms and firms (such as UNESCO and UNICEF), and provides a serious evaluation of the UN safeguard Council's involvement in contemporary crises in Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Ukraine, Libya, and Syria, and the way most likely it truly is to satisfy its total pursuits within the future.

Regardless of its hindrances, the UN is probably going to outlive for the foreseeable destiny. That by myself makes attempting to comprehend the UN in all its manifold - tremendous and complicated - complexity a important job. With this much-needed up-to-date advent to the UN, Jussi Hanhimäki engages the present debate over the firms effectiveness as he offers a transparent knowing of ways it used to be initially conceived, the way it has come to its current shape, and the way it needs to confront new demanding situations in a speedily altering global.

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The United Nations If the SC has remained remarkably static in terms of its rules and membership, the GA is the UN body where the gradual proliferation of member countries—from 51 in 1945 to 193 today—has been most visible. This explosion of membership has affected the UN in a number of important ways, the most important one probably being the crystallization of economic and social development as the key issues on the UN’s agenda. It has also affected the work of those who run the organization on a daily basis.

The popular notion is that the roughly $25 billion that the various UN operations cost in 2013 make it a prohibitively expensive enterprise. Yet, before coming to this conclusion, one might consider a few salient facts. First, the UN’s total budget represents but a fraction of most countries’ national budgets; indeed, the UN total expenditures are only slightly higher than those of the country with the highest per capita income in the world, Luxembourg (a population of less than 500,000). This represents less than two percent of the world’s military spending.

The latter have a baseline budget, the former do not. Some countries are indeed more equal than others at the UN Security Council and the World Bank; but Specialized Agencies are also more equal than Programs and Funds. These are questions we will revisit in the final chapter of this book. They do, however, point to another basic question related to the UN structure: How much does it all cost? Footing the bill: who pays and how much? The popular notion is that the roughly $25 billion that the various UN operations cost in 2013 make it a prohibitively expensive enterprise.

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